As with any cosmetic surgery, complications are rare, but can include infection, and mild discomfort. Although very unlikely, infection of the gums or jawbone is a possibility and is treated through medication and/or antibiotics. Surgery to the upper or lower jawbone can result in mild nerve damage. Nerve damage typically subsides in several weeks. As the jawbone heals, patients may experience some discomfort, which can be tempered through medication. Discomfort subsides within seven to ten days.
Although patients should always practice proper dental hygiene, this is especially true once a dental implant has been put into place. When teeth and gums are not properly cleaned, bacteria can attack sensitive areas, causing the gums to swell and the jawbone to gradually recede. Recession of the jawbone can weaken dental implants and eventually necessitate their removal. Patients should visit their dentist's office at least twice a year in order to ensure the health of their teeth and implants. Following an implant operation, smoking should be avoided, as it impairs the gum and jawbone's ability to heal.